Early Childhood – Mathematics

The Montessori mathematics materials enable children to master basic concepts through concrete exploration and ultimately lead to the discovery of the abstract concept. All number concepts are taught by first introducing the quantity, then the symbol, and finally the symbol and quantity together.

  • Numbers 1-10 are introduced using a series of rods that are counted and compared
  • By tracing sandpaper numbers, the child begins to recognize the shapes and names of the numbers
  • The child learns to match number symbol cards with materials that show quantity
  • A variety of golden beads and symbol cards familiarize the child with the decimal system and help them understand addition, subtraction, and multiplication
  • These exercises not only teach the child to calculate, but they provide a deep understanding of how numbers function

Mathematics in Kindergarten

Kindergartners begin by learning about the decimal system and place values of 1s, 10s, 100s, and 1,000s. As the year progresses, children strengthen their number sense and build on the mathematical skills they’ve acquired from the Montessori materials. They focus on developing mental math strategies and becoming comfortable with problem-solving, as well as estimating and manipulating numbers both verbally and on paper.