The Primary program is organized around developing skills in five areas: Practical Life, Mathematics, Language, Sensory Awareness, and Culture.

primary-scrubbing-090409 Practical Life: At a very young age, children instinctively seek to care for themselves, their homes, and their natural environments. They want to feed themselves, sweep the floor, rake leaves, pour milk into their cup. What Dr. Montessori called “practical life” is a valuable component of the MMS Primary program. Children practice simple dressing exercises, cutting fruits and peeling vegetables. They help prepare and serve the morning snack. They plant and tend vegetables and flowers in the school’s rooftop garden, water and care for the class plants and pets, and arrange fresh flowers. Through these activities, children develop coordination as well as self-reliance.

Sensorial awareness: Sensorial materials isolate a defining quality such as color, weight, shape, texture, sound, temperature or smell, encouraging children to distinguish, organize and describe their experiences and impressions.

Mathematics: Montessori math materials enable children to understand concepts through concrete explorations. Once the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division are familiar, the child is ready to work with fractions, elements of geometry and algebra, and problem solving on paper.

Language arts: A phonetic approach to reading begins with sandpaper letters to identify sounds and shapes, and to trace letters, training the muscles needed for writing. With the moveable alphabet, children construct words, phrases, sentences and stories in preparation for written expression.

Cultural activities: Music, art, foreign language, and physical education are part of the integrated cultural curriculum. Children also experience the basics in geography, history, and life sciences.